初中英语写作三大要点

admin 2020-08-24 阅读:176

  主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头,而后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩展。

  写主题句应注意以下几点:

  归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点

  提炼出一句具有概括性的话

  主题句应具有可读性,抓住、吸引读者。

  02

  注意篇章结构

  合理布局一般为三段式:

  开始部分——说出文中的要点、核心问题。

  正文部分——围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。

  结尾部分——对全文的总结和概括。

  要做到全文中心突出、段落之间必须是有机地联系,内容完整、连贯。前后呼应,去除与主题无关的内容。

  03

  写作技巧

  如何开篇

  技巧1:主旨设问更给力

  I think it's very important for us to do sports. Why? Because it's good for our health and study.

  I think it's very important for us to protect environment. Why? Because it's good for living.

  I think it's very important for us to learn English. Why? Because it's the most-widely used language in the world.

  技巧2:从我们到我

  Different people have different _____, but / and I have / prefer _____

  如何写正文

  句型变化:

  变化原则1:表达观点要“自我”

  In my opinion, we should pay much more attention on the weak subjects!

  变化原则2:两句之间要过渡

  I left my pen at home. What was worse, the drugstore was closed that day.

  变化原则3:凡是问题阐述用形容词句型

  普通级句型

  The environment is bad.

  比较级句型

  The environment is getting worse and worse.

  The environment is getting much worse than before.

  最高级句型

  I have never seen the worse environment.

  变化原则4:表达作用多用it句式

  Reading is a good way to relax myself.

  Watching movies is a wonderful way to learn English.

  变化原则5:增强情感转感叹

  How beneficial it is for us to read!

  How important it is for students to do sports.

  变化原则6:事情到感情句型

  I was very happy that I got an A in English last term.

  It makes me feel happy that I got an A in English last term.

  变化原则7:形容词句型升级

  It was an unusual experience in my life.

  It was one of the most unusual experience in my life.

  变化原则8:活用there be结合定从

  Many reasons made me like reading.

  There are many reasons why I enjoy reading

  词汇变化:

  变化原则1:make更有feel

  I made a progress in English. I feel proud.

  It makes me feel proud to make a progress in English.

  变化原则2:连词不再用and

  增补 not only…but also…, as well as…

  进阶 what's more / worse , furthermore

  转折 while, however

  变化原则3:喜欢不再like

  用be fond of, enjoy, be crazy about

  变化原则4:提出措施尽量不用should

  用suppose, had better, have no choice but, it's our duty to

  如何结尾

  1.各种号召——事不宜迟

  Don't put it off.

  2.各种越来越——多多益善

  the+比较级+主谓,the +比较级+主谓 越…就越…

  The better we take care of the environment, the more beautiful the world will be.

  3. 名言警句

  学习类 Practice makes perfect.

  运动类 Rome was not built in a day.

  环保类 Nothing is impossible to a willing mind.

  爱好类 Interest is the best teacher.

  04

  写作锦囊

  锦囊1:巧用连接词过渡

  1) 次序关系:

  first, first of all, to begin with, to start with, second, next, then, afterwards, finally, eventually, lastly, at last, last but not least

  2) 因果关系:

  because, since, as, for, due to, in view of, for this reason, for the reason that..., as a result, so, therefore, thus, hence, so that

  3) 转折关系:

  but, however, though, even though

  4) 并列关系:

  and, also, too, as well as, either, or, both...and...

  5) 递进关系:

  moreover, in this way, not only...but also..., not...but..., in addition (to), besides, on the one hand..., on the other hand..., in order tot, meanwhile

  6) 比较关系:

  like, likewise, similarly, compared with, compared to, apart from, rather than

  7) 对照关系:

  rather, neither...nor, although, though, but, however,on the contrary, different from this

  8) 举例关系:

  like, such as, for example, in particular, including, as for, as to, according to

  9) 强调关系:

  in fact, especially, particularly, obviously, what is more important, certainly, of course, without a doubt

  10) 条件关系:

  if, unless, lest, provided that, if it is the case, in this sense, once,if possible, if necessary, if so

  11) 归纳总结:

  therefore, in short, in brief, in other words, on the whole, in sum, to sum up, in conclusion, in summary, to conclude, the conclusion can be drawn that..., for this reason

  锦囊2:掌握常用句型

  1.in order to

  为了实现他的梦想,他学习非常努力。

  He worked very hard in order to realize his dream.

  3.so…that

  他们太累了,除了伸懒腰什么都做不了。

  They were all so tired that they could do nothing but yawn.

  5.would rather…than

  他宁愿听他人讲而不愿自己说。

  He would rather listen to others than talk himself.

  6.not only…but also

  在短短的三年的时间里她不但完成了所有课程,而且还获得了博士学位。

  In just three years, she had not only finished all the lessons , but also received her doctor's degree.

  7.either…or

  如果考试过关,你可以买一个MP3或去云南玩一趟。

  You could either buy an MP3 or go to Yunnan for a visit if you pass the exam.

  8.neither…nor

  他是一个无聊的人,既不爱娱乐,也不爱读书。

  He is a boring man. He likes neither entertainment nor reading.

  9.not…until

  直到他告诉我发生的事,我才了解真相。

  I didn't know the truth until she told me what happened.

  10.find it +adj. to do…

  我觉得作听力时有必要作笔记。

  I find it necessary to take own notes while listening.

  11.as well as

  他善良又乐于助人。

  He was kind as well as helpful.

  12.…as well

  这个小孩活泼又可爱。

  The child is active and funny as well.

  13.one…the other

  你看见桌子上有两只笔吗?一支是红色的,另一支是黑色的。

  Have you seen two pens on the desk? One is red, the other is black.

  14.some…others

  每个人都很忙,有些在读书,有些在写作。

  Every one is busy in classroom. Some are reading, others are writing.



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